 # Math

From Kindergarten to Grade 4 we utilize Bridges in Mathematics 2nd Edition created by the Math Learning Center. In our math curriculum, students develop a deep understanding of math concepts, proficiency with key skills, and the ability to solve new and complex problems. Students in a Bridges classroom talk about math, describe observations, explain methods, and ask questions. They are encouraged to find multiple ways to solve problems and show different ways of thinking. This is a vital way to help students build more flexible and efficient ways to solve increasingly complex problems.

Every strand is addressed at each grade level, builds on previous exposure and extends concept understanding so children approach each new challenge from a firmly established foundation.

## Kindergarten

In kindergarten, students focus on whole numbers and shapes. Throughout the year they:

• Count and compare numbers to 100, with a special focus on numbers to 20
• Sort, compare, and draw shapes
• Combine shapes to make other shapes and complete puzzles

In first grade, students focus on addition and subtraction, place value, and shapes. Throughout the year they:

• Add and subtract with numbers to 20, including with story problems
• Become fluent with addition and subtraction facts to 10
• Count to 120 and learn about place value (ones, tens, hundreds)
• Identify, sort, and draw shapes
• Fit shapes together to make other shapes, solve puzzles, and talk about fractions

In second grade, students focus on addition and subtraction, place value, shapes, and length measurement. Throughout the year they:

• Become fluent with addition and subtraction facts with numbers to 20
• Add and subtract with numbers up to 1,000
• Measure length and solve problems involving lengths
• Identify, describe, compare, put together, and take apart shapes

In third grade, students focus on multiplication, fractions, and area. Throughout the year they:

• Multiply numbers from 0 to 10 with fluency
• Multiply with numbers greater than 10
• Add and subtract with numbers to 1,000
• Work with unit fractions and add and subtract fractions
• Explore division

In fourth grade, students focus on multiplication and division with multi-digit numbers, fractions, and geometry. Throughout the year they:

• Find factors and multiples of different numbers
• Compare fractions and break fractions into smaller parts
• Compare decimal numbers and find decimal and fraction equivalents
• Develop efficient strategies for multiplying and dividing multi-digit numbers
• Calculate area and volume
• Measure and draw angles using protractors Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas.
Albert Einstein